Joint replacement surgery is a crucial one where a surgeon replaces the damaged bones of a patient from his wound and after damaged-bone replacement and he generates new joint surfaces. For shoulder joint replacement surgery the surgeon performs the same process; the surgeon removes the damaged joint and reconstructs new joint surfaces.
In shoulder replacement surgery, the surgeon replaces injured upper arms bone (humeras) and the shoulder bone (scapula) or caps the broken ends with plastic and metallic covers. In this surgery, broken shoulder joints can be fixed together by using a special type of cement. Sometimes the fixing material is used with recuperative quality that initiates new bone growth in place of the broken joint.
However, instead of the conventional shoulder joint replacement surgery surgeons are now using reverse total shoulder replacement surgery for the patients suffering from chronic arthritis. In this method, the surgeon removes the bones already damaged and makes the ends of the damaged bones smooth and attach the smoothed joint piece along with the shoulder bone and uses the cup-shaped piece for replacement of the uppermost arm bone.
However, reverse total shoulder replacement is a super–critical surgery and it’s only done on the discretion of the attending surgeon. Shoulder replacement surgery is done under general anaesthesia as well as under regional anaesthesia; however the mode of anaesthesia should be best selected by the surgeon, however the surgeon considers multiple factors like age, health, and personal preference of the patients.
Patients having done this surgery will get to sit on the bed or may start movement to some extent after one day of the surgery. In these cases, the attending surgeon may help the patients to do some breathing exercise, which helps in preventing congestion in lungs, which may occur as the side effect of this surgery.