While, reverse shoulder replacement is quite different from traditional methods of shoulder joint replacement surgery. When the patient has been suffering from prolonged arthritis, the reverse shoulder replacement becomes necessary. In this type of surgery, the surgeon takes out the injured part and smoothen the damaged parts. He aligns the smoothed joint piece with the shoulder bone. He also uses the cup shaped joint piece to replace upper arm bone.
Though, reverse shoulder replacement surgery is not easy for the patient. He or she should be perfectly fine to have one or two types of anesthesia which is determined by the surgeon after carefully analyzing the condition of the patient with reference to his age, health and suitability. The patients generally start showing the signs of recovery gradually but general moments start within one or two days. After the surgery, the surgeon recommends breathing exercises to the patient for preventing any congestion in the lungs which may be the side effect of the reverse shoulder replacement surgery. The success rate of such operations is very high due to have many qualified surgeons in India.
In shoulder replacement surgery, the surgeon replaces injured upper arms bone (humeras) and the shoulder bone (scapula) or caps the broken ends with plastic and metallic covers. In this surgery, broken shoulder joints can be fixed together by using a special type of cement. Sometimes the fixing material is used with recuperative quality that initiates new bone growth in place of the broken joint.
However, instead of the conventional shoulder joint replacement surgery surgeons are now using reverse total shoulder replacement surgery for the patients suffering from chronic arthritis. In this method, the surgeon removes the bones already damaged and makes the ends of the damaged bones smooth and attach the smoothed joint piece along with the shoulder bone and uses the cup-shaped piece for replacement of the uppermost arm bone.
However, reverse total shoulder replacement is a super–critical surgery and it’s only done on the discretion of the attending surgeon. Shoulder replacement surgery is done under general anaesthesia as well as under regional anaesthesia; however the mode of anaesthesia should be best selected by the surgeon, however the surgeon considers multiple factors like age, health, and personal preference of the patients.
Patients having done this surgery will get to sit on the bed or may start movement to some extent after one day of the surgery. In these cases, the attending surgeon may help the patients to do some breathing exercise, which helps in preventing congestion in lungs, which may occur as the side effect of this surgery.